What is dyslexia?

We can speak about learning disorders in the case of children whose reading-writing or calculating results are much lower than expected, as compared to the intellectual capacities level and learning efforts.

The learning disorder can occur at any level of intelligence, even in the case of superior levels. It is not caused by lack of exercise, lack of motivation, emotional factors or poor training of the teachers. It does not depend on the families’ nationality or social-cultural level.

It is based on a neurological dysfunction, but it also is influenced by heredity.

Types of learning disorders:

Dyslexia = reading disorder (slow reading, with errors, difficulties in understanding the text read)

Dysgraphia = writing disorder (bad calligraphy, with errors, spelling mistakes)

Dyscalculia = calculation disorder

According to the statistical data, at an international level, from the overall number of children 7-10% feature learning disorders and the severe cases rate is of 3-5%.

Some specialists believe that the learning disorder is not a sickness, but a special data processing method, due to the different than normal development and operation of the central nervous system.

The neurological dysfunction can be caused by harmful factors during pregnancy, premature birth, complications at birth or various traumas and sicknesses affecting the central nervous system during infancy. These minimal brain disorders can cause disorder in language, motor, balance, bodily structure, space and time orientation, attention, visual perception, auditory and tactile or memory, as well as disorders in sequential data processing. The faulty development of these abilities can occur in various severity stages or combinations and represents the basis for the occurrence of learning disorders, disturbing the process of acquiring reading-writing and mathematical abilities. Each child suffering from dyslexia is different, with different symptoms and must be supported to develop in his own rhythm.