Psychotherapy

Dyslexic children’s therapy is not limited to the development of the reading and writing abilities or of the faulty cognitive capacities. They require psychological counseling, or psychotherapy in some cases.

During school years, the dyslexic children feature increasingly severe emotional and personality development disorders. School failure can lead to low self-esteem, complex of inferiority, feeling of uselessness, anxiety, psychosomatic, neurotic disorders, or behavior disorders. Class integration often becomes an issue. They need permanent psychological support in order to better cope with the problems they are facing.

A positive approach, the child’s valorization and encouragement, is recommended in individual or group therapy activities. The purpose of psychological interventions is to develop an accurate self-image, ensure self-acceptance, increase self-confidence and motivation towards learning, deal with frustrations, increase resiliency, alleviate emotional or behavior problems, improve school adjustment, develop team integration abilities, form a support network around the children, made of school-mates and adults.

Several methods are used: structured games method, children psychodrama, experiential psychotherapy, art therapy, VIT method, cognitive-behavioral therapy, etc. The various activities and programs dedicated to the integration of children suffering from dyslexia in society also have positive effects.

Several authors stress the importance of reeducating the dyslexic child’s social environment. Parental counseling and teachers’ counseling/supervision will lead to the decrease of the emotional problems children face, the harmonious development of personality being thus ensured.