Ayres Therapy

Sensorial integration dysfunction is a neurological disorder caused by the brain’s inability to integrate certain information received from the five main body sensorial systems. These systems are responsible for detecting visual signs, sounds, smells, tastes, temperature, pain, bodily position and movement.

Sensorial integration offers an important basis for complex learning and adequate behavior. The sensorial integration process occurs automatically and without efforts for most children, but there are children for whom they do not operate normally.

Ayres Method, developed by Anna Jean Ayres, a researcher and psychologist from California, tries to improve the sensorial integration dysfunction through various methods meant to stimulate children. The balance system develops through various sensorial impulses, the primary reflexes disappear, the eye movement becomes normal, the integration of the two parts of the body is better organized, i.e. the nervous system matures. This therapy is used to treat learning disorders.

The atmosphere during the classes is a pleasant one, children are attracted by the working tools, and they develop in a pleasant environment, through attractive games. The therapist has a non-directing attitude, allowing the dyslexic child to choose the games that represent a challenge to him and guarantee success. These games generally allow for the practicing of a capacity that is not fully developed in the child. After a while, the child will select a different, more difficult game, representing a new challenge for him/her. In this natural way, by ensuring his/her own success, the child will gradually develop through a self-curing process.

The therapy requires prior investigation to identify the child’s deficiencies. Thus, being aware of the development level, the therapist will know what games to offer to the child.
The specific working tools used in this therapy are: gliders made of various materials, huge balls, hula-hoop circles, hedgerows, large mirrors, overhead nets, rolling disk, etc.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anna_Jean_Ayres
http://www.sensoryintegration.org.uk/about/default.asp?ID=5