1. At what age can dyslexia be diagnosed?

Usually, parents notice that there are certain issues when the children start going to school and are facing writing, reading and calculating. However, dyslexia predisposition symptoms can be noticed ever since the pre-school period, at the age of 5-6, in speech, movement, space orientation, attentiveness, perception or memory. If the teacher or parent notes the simultaneous presence of several dyslexia predisposition symptoms it is important to take the child to the speech therapist for complex investigations, so as to set the diagnosis and the tailored development plan.

2. Does it depend on the intellectual capacity?

Dyslexia does NOT depend on intellectual capacity.

Most people suffering from dyslexia are very creative, inventive and have very high IQs. Poor school results are due to the fact that they are unable to cope with traditional learning methods. Dyslexics have reading, writing or speaking problems but have a visual thinking pattern and an extremely rich imagination.

3. Is it true that many famous people were dyslexic?


Here are some famous people who suffered from dyslexia: Walt Disney, Steven Spielberg, Beethoven, Mozart, John Lennon, Thomas Edison, Michael Faraday, Albert Einstein, Galileo Galilei, Louis Pasteur, Michelangelo, Pablo Picasso, Vincent Van Gogh, Leonardo da Vinci, Gustave Flaubert, Winston Churchill, Benjamin Franklin, Julius Caesar, Napoleon Bonaparte.

4. What can I do if my child has learning difficulties?

Talking to the child’s teachers is important, as the parent can obtain more information on how the child adapts to school requirements.

If the parent finds that his/her child has certain reading, writing, calculating or spelling difficulties, he/she can request a complex evaluation. Ideally, each school has or should have a speech therapist and a psychologist able to perform a full assessment and establish whether the child suffers from dyslexia. A pediatrician can also be contacted in order to identify possible physiological-nature issues (hearing, sight deficit etc).

Any parent or child suspecting learning problems can request a meeting with the speech therapist to discuss the child’s issue. The parent can make this request even if the teacher thinks that the child is doing well in school.

5. Can it occur simultaneously with ADHD?

Yes, it is possible for children suffering from dyslexia to be diagnosed with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) as well.

It is very important for the complex testing to be performed very responsibly so as to clearly track the symptoms specific to each disorder and avoid wrong diagnosis, which would make the therapy program more difficult.

The ADHD diagnosis is given by the neuro-psychiatrist doctor, and the dyslexia diagnosis is set by the speech therapist, following a complex examination.

6. What trade can he/she work in?

Dyslexics have a special thinking pattern; they easily work with visual information, in a global manner. The trades benefiting from such thinking are: architecture, design, IT. They also are very creative, which is an advantage in many fields. We will list some of these fields and mention some of the personalities who, although diagnosed with dyslexia, obtained remarkable results in their work: theatre and film (Anthony Hopkins, Robin Williams, Sylvester Stallone, Jack Nicholson, Dustin Hoffman, Tom Cruise, Whoopi Goldberg etc.), music (Harry Belafonte, Cher, Jewel, Tony Bennett etc.), sports (Magic Johnson, Carl Lewis, Pete Rose, Nolan Ryan etc.), painting and sculpture (Michelangelo, Pablo Picasso, Vincent Van Gogh, Leonardo da Vinci, etc.), literature (Gustave Flaubert, Agatha Christie, Jules Verne), architecture (Richard Rogers), science (Thomas Edison, Michael Faraday, Albert Einstein, Galileo, Louis Pasteur). Dyslexics can be successful in many trades, just like other people, but they usually need to work more.